Skin is the largest organ of integumentary system. The multiple layers of skin are composed of ectodermal tissues, which protect the underlying muscles, ligaments, bones and internal organs. Skin is vitally important organ as it is the first line defense mechanism of the body. Some of the major functions of skin include protection, sensation, regulation of body temperature, controlling fluid loss, excretion of toxic substances, storage of lipids and water, synthesis of vitamin D and water resistance. There are different types of skin like dry skin, oily skin, normal skin and combination skin depending upon the amount of excretion of sebum.
What Causes Oily Skin?
The major cause of oily skin is over-active sebaceous gland, which secretes sebum, a natural skin lubricant. Excessive production of sebum gives thick texture to the skin. The skin becomes more susceptible to blackheads, clogged pores and accumulation of dead cells on the surface. Some of the common causes of oily skin are age, dietary factors like junk foods or sugar, heredity, hormonal changes, over-use of cosmetics, environmental factors like hot weather, excess humidity and air pollution, stress and certain medications.
How to Get Rid of Oily Skin Naturally
Excessively oily skin can cause blackheads, blemishes and acne. It also gives oily, shining embarrassing appearance. A perfect combination of daily skin care, diet and lifestyle changes as well as natural skin remedies is useful to relive oily skin.
– Stay away from unhealthy habits like smoking and alcoholism.
– Always wash your hands first before you clean your face to prevent any bacterial infections.
– Use a gel-based cleanser and clean your face 2-3 times daily.
– Always use warm water to wash your face and then apply toner on the oily skin.
– Daily exercise can control excess oil secretion and helps the skin to eliminate dirt and toxins in the form of sweat.
Diet for Oily Skin
Having a healthy diet is beneficial for your overall good health, especially improving the appearance of your skin. A balanced, nutritious diet keeps your skin clear and healthy.
- Include vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidants like spinach, carrots and blueberries.
- Consumption of foods with high contents of omega-3 fatty acids such as fish like salmon, mackerel and tuna as well as nuts like hazelnuts, almonds and walnuts can help to improve skin texture, making the skin radiant.
- Vitamin B2 helps to prevent excess oil production in the skin. Therefore, include the foods like beans, kernels and nuts that possess high content of vitamin B2.
- Intake of protein-rich foods is beneficial for the oily skin.
- Restrict the foods high in sugar and fat. Avoid oily, fried foods, which can aggravate oily skin conditions.
- Replace unhealthy fats with healthy fats like seeds, nuts, avocados and lean poultry.
- Since iodine can worsen the oily skin condition, eliminate iodized salt and fish from your diet.
Oily Skin Care
Oily skin is very difficult to manage. You need to take extreme care of your skin using appropriate products.
ü Regular cleaning of your skin is an essential part to prevent excess oiliness. Use gel-based cleanser and warm water to clean your face.
ü Toning is very important after cleansing your face. It helps to close the skin pores, remove excess oil and re-firm your skin.
ü Oily skin can also become dehydrated, so you need to moisturize it with oil-free moisturizer. Choose a natural moisturizer with gentle ingredients like lavender, rosemary, tea tree, peppermint and lemon and balancing ingredients such as chamomile and rose geranium.
ü A daily exfoliating routine should be followed to make your skin clear and brighter. Exfoliating removes dirt and excess oil from your skin.
ü Use natural facial masks prepared from clay or fruit, which help to absorb excess oil from your skin making it dry and smooth.
Home Remedies for Oily Skin
There are certain natural remedies which can be effectively remove excess oil from your skin using simple ingredients available at home.
- Apply clay or mud mask all over the face excluding eyes and mouth. It helps to minimize greasiness and improve skin tone.
- Lemon juice is another promising home remedy to control oiliness. Apply a mixture of equal amounts of lime juice and apple crush to the skin. Leave it for 15-20 minutes and rinse off. Another effective fruit cleanse can be prepared by mixing equal amounts of lemon juice and water. Apply it on your face and rinse with water after 10-15 minutes.
- Aloe vera gel is the best home remedy for oily skin. It absorbs excess oil and unclogs the skin pores. Aloe vera combined with crushed strawberries and organic yogurt makes a perfect face mask for oily skin.
- Apply tomato puree on the face. Keep it for about 10 minutes and rinse off. It helps to eliminate excess oil from the skin. In the same way, you can use papaya mash.
- Prepare a mask using egg-white and one teaspoon of honey and apply on the face. Keep it for about 10 minutes and rinse with warm water.
- Another beneficial home remedy is cornstarch. Prepare a paste of cornstarch in warm water. Rub it on your face and let it dry. Rinse with warm water.
- The herbs like sage, peppermint and yarrow possess astringent properties. Add 1 teaspoon of each herb into boiling water. Simmer for about 30 minutes. Strain and allow it to cool down. Dab this homemade toner on the face.
- Prepare a natural scrub by mixing together almonds and honey. Massage this paste gently upon the face for 10-15 minutes. Cleanse with cold water.
Following above mentioned natural remedies, you can easily get rid of oily skin and prevent the skin problems like acne and blackheads. Using simple ingredients, you can get supple, radiant skin. But keep in mind, while taking the treatment for oily skin, it should not make the skin over-dry. Remember, the positive side of oily skin is that it is less prone to aging and causes less wrinkles even during old age.